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New way for gut neurons to communicate with the brain

A new study reveals how neurons in the gut wall relay sensory information to the spinal cord and brain, which may influence mood and well-being.Share on PinterestResearch indicates that the way gut neurons communicate with the brain may have an effect on mood and well-being.The enteric nervous system (ENS) — sometimes referred to as the…

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A new study reveals how neurons in the gut wall relay sensory information to the spinal cord and brain, which may influence mood and well-being.Share on PinterestResearch indicates that the way gut neurons communicate with the brain may have an effect on mood and well-being.The enteric nervous system (ENS) — sometimes referred to as the “second brain” — is the nervous system of the gut.It contains some 500 million neurons and controls important reflexes, such as peristalsis, the contraction of muscles in the gut to enable digestion. It is also responsible for the secretion of digestive enzymes that help break down food.The ENS is also a critical part of the gut-brain axis, through which the gut communicates with the brain — and the vagus nerve is particularly essential for conveying information about the intestines to the brain. The gut-brain axis performs several functions. The majority of serotonin, a neurotransmitter associated with mood, is found in the gut, for example. In a new study published in the journal eNeuro, researchers from Flinders University, in Adelaide, Australia, have identified a new way that neurons in the gut wall can activate neurons that connect to those in the spinal cord.They found highly coordinated activity in the gut wall neurons, which they suggest is a powerful mechanism to transmit information about what is going on in the gut to the brain.The gut is unique among the internal organs, in that it has its very own nervous system. This has been a subject of interest for Nick Spencer, senior author of the new study and a professor at the university’s College of Medicine and Public Health.“The gut has its own nervous system, which can function independently of the brain or spinal cord. Understanding how the gut communicates and controls other organs in the body can lead to important breakthroughs for disease treatment.”– Prof. Nick SpencerIn the new study, Prof. Spencer and colleagues focused on viscerofugal neurons, which are found in the gut wall and project to neurons in the spinal cord.They investigated how these neurons work using the mouse colon, which contracts in a cyclical pattern known as the colonic motor complex. Viscerofugal neurons are known to be active during this process, but exactly how has, until now, been unclear.The researchers recorded the electrical activity of the viscerofugal neurons. They found that the firing of these neurons was associated with changes in the activity of the smooth muscle of the colon. The neurons fired in a highly synchronized way, which was associated with the parallel activation of neurons in the spinal cord. This suggests that viscerofugal neurons relay activity from the nervous system of the gut to the sympathetic nervous system — in other words, the spinal cord and brain.“The new study has uncovered how viscerofugal neurons provide a pathway so our gut can ‘sense’ what is going on inside the gut wall, then relay this sensory information more dynamically than was previously assumed to other organs, like the spinal cord and brain, which influence our decisions, mood and general well-being,” explains Prof. Spencer.The activation of viscerofugal neurons has previously been thought to require changes in the circumference of the gut wall — by the gut filling up, for instance — but this study shows that the process does not require any such mechanical activity.These findings may also have clinical relevance, as a growing number of conditions have been associated with changes to the gut.“There is significant interest in how the gut communicates with the brain as a major unresolved issue because of growing evidence that many diseases may first start in the gut and then travel to the brain, an example of which is Parkinson’s disease,” explains Prof. Spencer.As the scientist highlights, there is a well-established connection between the gut and Parkinson’s disease. One study, for example, showed that men who experience constipation are over four times more likely to develop the condition.There is also accumulating evidence to suggest an association between changes in the gut and autism, multiple sclerosis, dementia, and stroke, making studies like this essential in understanding and eventually treating diverse neurological conditions.
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150,000 Covid-19 cases quarantined so far in Abu Dhabi

‘These are common public health practices that contribute to preventing the spread of infectious diseases’ More than 150,000 cases of Covid-19 were admitted to quarantine centres or underwent home isolation in Abu Dhabi so far, the local health authority said on Saturday. The Department of Health (DoH) said more than 70 isolation centres have been…

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‘These are common public health practices that contribute to preventing the spread of infectious diseases’

More than 150,000 cases of Covid-19 were admitted to quarantine centres or underwent home isolation in Abu Dhabi so far, the local health authority said on Saturday. The Department of Health (DoH) said more than 70 isolation centres have been established across the emirate.
“The DoH, in collaboration with the Abu Dhabi Public Health Centre (ADPHC) and the authorities concerned, has prepared quarantine and home quarantine and home isolation locations that have been set up for Covid-19 patients and those who have been in direct contact with them,” the DoH said its tweet. “The DoH is keen to provide the best healthcare services, raise the absorptive capacity according to the needs of the sector, and establish a clear working mechanism with a preventive framework to track cases, control infection and limit the spread of the virus.”
The health authority noted that people are sent to quarantine facilities and home isolation according to the situation. Suspected or confirmed Covid-19 patients are kept at isolation centres to avoid the spread of the virus. And quarantine facilities are for separating and restricting the activities of healthy people for a period of time as determined by the health authorities concerned.
“These are common public health practices that contribute to preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Isolation and quarantine are imposed on infected individuals or those who have had contact with an infected person, by separating them from healthy people in order to prevent the spread of disease.”

DoH, in collaboration with @adphc_ae & the concerned authorities, has prepared quarantine and home isolation locations that have been set up for #COVID19 patients & those who have been in direct contact with them. pic.twitter.com/9V3Feda3aF
– ????? ????? – ?????? (@DoHSocial) September 19, 2020
Meanwhile, Abu Dhabi Public Health Centre is placing awareness notices at the entrances to residential units with self-quarantine cases. The initiative is aimed at limiting the spread of the virus and increasing community awareness on the importance of safe distancing measures.Also, people arriving in Abu Dhabi have to undergo a mandatory Covid-19 PCR test and wear a tracking wristband during a 14-day home quarantine.

@adphc_ae to provide awareness notices at entrances to residential units with self-quarantine cases, as part of efforts to limit the spread of the virus and increase community awareness on physical distancing measures. pic.twitter.com/hsfZJWY36V
– ???? ?????? ???????? (@admediaoffice) September 18, 2020
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Ashwani Kumar
I am a newspaperman from the emirate of Abu Dhabi. A journalist at heart. I get my stories from the streets. A south Indian born in the Hindi heartland, I easily connect with people from different nationalities and cultures. I am calm like a monk, sensitive and very patient reporter. On the ground, I cover a range of topics related to community, health, embassy, tourism, transport, business and sports. I will go out on a leg to do what’s right and stand by what I believe in.

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Trixie Mattel’s Twangy Cover, Aquihayaquihay’s Sunny Future, And More Songs We Love

Allan Villanueva / Getty Images The search for the ever-elusive “bop” is difficult. Playlists and streaming-service recommendations can only do so much. They often leave a lingering question: Are these songs really good, or are they just new? Enter Bop Shop, a hand-picked selection of songs from the MTV News team. This weekly collection doesn’t…

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Allan Villanueva / Getty Images

The search for the ever-elusive “bop” is difficult. Playlists and streaming-service recommendations can only do so much. They often leave a lingering question: Are these songs really good, or are they just new?
Enter Bop Shop, a hand-picked selection of songs from the MTV News team. This weekly collection doesn’t discriminate by genre and can include anything — it’s a snapshot of what’s on our minds and what sounds good. We’ll keep it fresh with the latest music, but expect a few oldies (but goodies) every once in a while, too. Get ready: The Bop Shop is now open for business.

Aquihayaquihay: “Sencillo”

Something is frayed on “Sencillo,” the wonderfully languid latest effort from self-described “anti-boy band” Aquihayaquihay. As much as Steve Aoki’s label signees sound embattled as they sing in Spanish, the sounds themselves direct the song’s emotionality toward hope. Embracing both modern bedroom-production hallmarks and an exploration of past R&B-pop sounds, “Sencillo” plays like a completely welcome meeting of past and present while also pointing to a sunny future. —Patrick Hosken

Trixie Mattel: “Video Games”

Trixie Mattel opened up a beer and said, “Get over here and play my ‘Video Games.'” The RuPaul’s Drag Race legend takes her body to Pioneertown and gives Lana Del Rey’s 2011 melancholy single an Old West country-music twist. The dramatic cover features Trixie strumming her trusty autoharp, but it also serves cowboy shootout realness with some ominous desert outlaw whistles. We hope you like the bad girls, honey, because Trixie really brought it with this cover. Lana Del Rey? More like Lana Del SLAY. —Chris Rudolph

Kristen Ford: “Stick Shift Corolla”

Nashville-based alt rocker Kristen Ford piles on the breakup feels in this moody track from No Plans, her new EP. Tension grows verse by angst-fueled verse. “I don’t want you back / Time don’t work like that,” Ford insists, although if the explosive guitar and drums punctuating the final verse are any indication, that realization doesn’t undo the hurt that’s been done. —Sam Manzella

Lulu Simon: “Strangers”

Pop music has a new rising star, and she comes from a pretty impressive pedigree. On her new single “Strangers,” Lulu Simon, daughter of Paul Simon and Edie Brickell, gets breezily bitter about an ex who can’t quite accept that a relationship has met its expiration. Over a stacked production of ’80s synths and electronica pops, Simon’s lyrics read like a diary or a heated string of texts — you know, the unhinged ones you send in quick succession to a friend when you’ve got some feelings and you’ve got to get them out. Considering that her sarcastic yet sweet debut “Wasted” is just as much of a bop, it looks like there’s more where that came from. —Carson Mlnarik

Cautious Clay: “Agreeable”

Cautious Clay’s voice is smooth, his arms are open wide, and on “Agreeable,” he sounds about a thousand miles high. Much like “Cheesin’,” the virtual posse cut he anchored earlier this year, the elastic artist stretches and flexes in equal measure here — but the party’s over in just two minutes. Before you know, you’re back on the ground. You might not even know you left it. —Patrick Hosken

John K: “Happiness”

The lyrical melancholy of the emerging pop crooner John K’s latest single betrays its peppy title. Here, “Happiness” functions less like an expression of joy than a painful reminder of better days long gone: “Happiness, are you there? / Are you gone? Are you comin’ back?” Yet, delivered by a voice that a new listener might mistake for Troye Sivan or Sam Smith, it seems pleasant all the same. —Coco Romack

Bosco: “4th of July”

The chorus finds Bosco directing your gaze upwards — “Bombs bursting into the sky” — but even fireworks on Independence Day might have a hard time keeping your attention in this plush ecosystem populated with silken guitar waves and a treasure chest full of booming R&B rhythm. Don’t let the title fool you; this is a leafy autumn song through and through. —Patrick Hosken

Bop Shop
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Cautious Clay
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OnePlus 8T Tipped to Launch on October 14: Expected Specifications

OnePlus 8T is now rumoured to launch on October 14. Previously, the phone was expected to launch later this month or sometime early October, but the new rumour suggests a slight delay due to the coronavirus pandemic that may have resulted in production hiccups. The OnePlus 8T is reported to have a different camera setup…

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OnePlus 8T is now rumoured to launch on October 14. Previously, the phone was expected to launch later this month or sometime early October, but the new rumour suggests a slight delay due to the coronavirus pandemic that may have resulted in production hiccups. The OnePlus 8T is reported to have a different camera setup design than the OnePlus 8 range. The upcoming phone is tipped to be powered by the Snapdragon 865 SoC and pack 65W fast charging support.MySmartPrice has shared information relayed by tipster Ishan Agarwal hinting that the OnePlus 8T will launch on October 14. The tipster notes that there might be slight delays due to the unprecedented circumstances. In any case, the OnePlus 8T will see a delayed launch from last year, given that the OnePlus 7T was unveiled in September itself. There have been no announcements from OnePlus regarding a launch event. Given the situation, the next OnePlus event, whenever it happens, would likely be held virtually.OnePlus 8T specifications (expected)The OnePlus 8T has leaked extensively in the past and it is reported to run on OxygenOS 11-based Android 11 software and feature a 6.55-inch full-HD+ display with 120Hz refresh rate. It is said to be powered by the Snapdragon 865+ SoC and come in two configurations – 8GB + 128GB and 12GB + 256GB.There is expected to be quad rear camera setup on the OnePlus 8T that may include a 48-megapixel primary shooter, a 16-megapixel ultra-wide lens, a 5-megapixel macro shooter, and a 2-megapixel portrait sensor. Up front, the OnePlus 8T may feature a 32-megapixel camera for selfies. The OnePlus 8T is tipped to include a 4,500mAh battery with support for 65W fast charging.As mentioned, there may be a redesigned camera module on the OnePlus 8T with the sensors placed on the top left corner, instead of centre.Is Nord the iPhone SE of the OnePlus world? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.

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