We’re answering your questions about the pandemic. Send yours to [email protected] and we’ll answer as many as we can. We’ll publish a selection of answers every weekday online, and also put some questions to the experts during The National and on CBC News Network. Why do we need a vaccine for COVID-19 when we didn’t have one for SARS? As people around the world await a vaccine, some Canadians have been wondering how we were able to get rid of SARS without one, including Jennifer C.We took this question to Dr. Matthew Miller, associate professor in the Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Infectious Disease Research at McMaster University in Hamilton. He explains that SARS wasn’t as contagious as the novel coronavirus and that isolating cases back then was effective enough to contain the virus from spreading to the same degree. “We were able to essentially identify and isolate individuals who were sick with SARS and that alone was enough to prevent it from spreading because it wasn’t good at spreading to begin with,” said Miller, who is also an expert in viral pandemics and vaccines. But this coronavirus has behaved differently. “It’s actually very difficult for an animal virus to infect humans,” Miller explains, “but this coronavirus has been unusually successful.” It’s the reason behind the pandemic, and it’s also the reason the same isolation measures used in SARS aren’t as effective. “Lots of people seem to transmit the virus before they have symptoms,” Miller said, which explains why isolation measures can be hard if someone doesn’t realize they are sick. “If they don’t have symptoms, you can’t know that they’re infected and isolate them.” Experts say a vaccine is likely to be ready in 12-18 months, but some provinces are already loosening their stay-at-home restrictions. Do seniors and vulnerable populations need to stay inside until there is a vaccine? Some provinces have started to loosen restrictions on stay-at-home orders. But what does that mean for seniors and vulnerable populations? R. Adelman is wondering how they should approach the reopenings. “It’s all about balancing the risks,” said Dr. Michael Curry, a University of B.C. professor and emergency room doctor at Delta Hospital. While mitigating that exposure for vulnerable populations is important, Curry says people are still going to need to go about their daily activities, like grocery runs, and that will come at a social cost. “There is going to be a need for some degree of social interaction,” he said, “so the older and sicker you are, the more vulnerable you are, then probably the more precautions you want to take.” What do those precautions look like? Curry suggests limiting the amount of times you go outside for now and practising good hygiene (physically distancing, washing your hands frequently and avoid touching your face) to “keep the risk down to a low level.” If you have a serious underlying medical issue, you may want to consult your health-care provider to help you make a decision about what’s best for you. Doctors answer your questions about COVID-19, including whether people over the age of 70 should self-isolate at home until there is a treatment or vaccine. 4:17 Is the virus airborne? Steve W. wants to know whether there’s any truth to reports the virus is airborne. For the answer we turned to the experts at Second Opinion who tackled this topic in the latest edition of their CBC News health newsletter. Subscribe to Second Opinion According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the coronavirus spreads primarily through tiny droplets expelled when a person infected with it sneezes, coughs, exhales or spits while talking. They can infect another person who: Comes into contact with those droplets through their eyes, nose or mouth (droplet transmission). Touches objects or surfaces on which droplets have landed and then touches their eyes, nose or mouth (contact transmission). The WHO says it’s important to stay “more than one metre away” from a person who is sick. But the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) recommends at least two metres or two arms’ lengths away, not just from people who are sick but from anyone you don’t live with. A pair of recent studies raised the notion of airborne transmission, but Mark Loeb, a professor at McMaster who specializes in infectious disease research, cautions against putting too much stock in them. Researchers found traces of RNA from the coronavirus in washrooms and some high-traffic areas in hospitals in Wuhan, China, and in Nebraska, and suggested it got into those areas through the air, though there was no evidence the particles were still infectious. Loeb said that’s just a “signal” that part of the virus was there. “Does it mean that COVID-19 is spreading from person to person through aerosols? I would say definitively not,” Loeb said. If the virus were airborne, we’d know by now, said Dr. Allison McGeer, an infectious disease specialist with Sinai Health in Toronto who is leading a national research team studying how COVID-19 is transmitted. “The reason we know that is because all around the world we have hundreds of health-care workers who are taking care of patients wearing regular masks,” she said. “If this were airborne — if this were usually in those small [aerosol] particles — all those health-care workers would be getting sick.” The fact that they’re not is a contrast to what would happen if the virus remained infectious in the air for hours even after an infected person left the room — which is part of what makes diseases like measles so contagious. Can the coronavirus lurk under rings, watches and jewlery? Dana N. wants to know if she needs to worry about the virus lurking under her ring or watch. Experts agree that washing your hands correctly is the best way to stop the spread of infections, and that means washing frequently and thoroughly, with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Effective hand hygiene can be prevented by the presence of bracelets and wrist watches, according to PHAC. “Skin underneath rings has been reported to be more heavily colonized than comparable areas of skin on fingers without rings,” according to this hand hygiene guide posted on the PHAC website. We asked cardiac surgeon Dr. Samantha Hill how she washes her hands, and she agreed that jewelry can create “a little pool where the bacteria and the viruses can happily replicate and that’s probably not the best thing.” Watch Dr. Hill’s demonstration on how to wash your hands like a surgeon. We’re also answering your questions every night on The National. Last night, an infectious diseases specialist was asked if there will be a second lockdown. Watch below: An infectious disease specialist answers your questions about the COVID-19 pandemic including whether there will be a second lockdown. 2:37 Monday we answered questions about reopening schools and attending summer camp. Keep your questions coming by emailing us at [email protected]
Montreal, Quebec City to face new restrictions as Quebec tries to fend off 2nd wave of COVID-19 | CBC News
The Quebec government is expected to announce today that it is reducing the size of private gatherings and imposing new restrictions on bars and restaurants in the province’s two biggest cities, after an increase in COVID-19 infections. Radio-Canada has learned that Montreal, Quebec City and the Chaudière-Appalaches region, which is south of Quebec City, will…
The Quebec government is expected to announce today that it is reducing the size of private gatherings and imposing new restrictions on bars and restaurants in the province’s two biggest cities, after an increase in COVID-19 infections. Radio-Canada has learned that Montreal, Quebec City and the Chaudière-Appalaches region, which is south of Quebec City, will be placed on “moderate alert.”That is the orange, or second-highest, alert level under the province’s regional system for categorizing the danger posed by the novel coronavirus. Government officials told Radio-Canada they are still finalizing their decision, but barring any other major developments, the announcement is expected to be made Sunday. On Saturday, Quebec reported 427 new cases of COVID-19, the highest daily increase since May. Being placed in the orange category — up from yellow, designated as the “early warning” level — will come with tightened public-health restrictions. According to Radio-Canada, these restrictions are likely to include: Reducing the maximum number of people allowed at a private gathering from 10 to six. Reducing the maximum number of people allowed per restaurant table from 10 to six. Requiring bars to stop serving alcohol earlier than midnight. A provincewide police operation was conducted this weekend to investigate whether bars are respecting public-health rules. Sources told Radio-Canada that further measures could be taken pending the results of the operation. Gatherings in indoor and outdoor public places are also expected to be limited to 50, as opposed to 250 people. But government officials said there will be exceptions to that rule. For example, in theatres and cinemas where physical distancing is easily respected, the 250-person limit would remain, but wearing a mask would be mandatory at all times, even when seated. It is still unclear whether school activities will be affected by the decision to place the three regions in the orange level. Quebec Health Minister Christian Dubé, public health director Dr. Horacio Arruda and Dr. Éric Litvak, medical advisor to public health, will give an update on the COVID-19 situation in Montreal at 5 p.m. ET Sunday.
Nunavut now has 2 confirmed cases of COVID-19 | CBC News
The latest: Nunavut reports first COVID-19 cases involving 2 mine workers. Quebec Premier François Legault tests negative for COVID-19. Ontario limits gathering sizes provincewide after reporting 407 new cases. Police disperse crowd at ‘impromptu car show’ in Hamilton, Ont. Two miners who were exposed to COVID-19 in their home jurisdictions before travelling are being monitored in Nunavut.Dr. Michael Patterson,…
The latest: Nunavut reports first COVID-19 cases involving 2 mine workers. Quebec Premier François Legault tests negative for COVID-19. Ontario limits gathering sizes provincewide after reporting 407 new cases. Police disperse crowd at ‘impromptu car show’ in Hamilton, Ont. Two miners who were exposed to COVID-19 in their home jurisdictions before travelling are being monitored in Nunavut.Dr. Michael Patterson, Nunavut’s chief public health officer, announced the cases at the Hope Bay gold mine in a news release Saturday issued by the territorial government. These are the first cases of the infection to be reported in Nunavut since the pandemic began, but since they didn’t originate in the territory they’ll instead be counted in other jurisdictions, said Cate Macleod, spokesperson for Premier Joe Savikataaq. “Both miners are asymptomatic and were immediately isolated and swabbed for the virus,” Patterson said. No residents from the territory itself work at the site, 125 kilometres southwest of Cambridge Bay, so it’s believed the risk of community spread remains low. In Quebec, Premier François Legault said he has tested negative for COVID-19. Legault and his wife were tested after meeting with Conservative Leader Erin O’Toole last Monday. O’Toole tested positive for the virus Friday. In a message posted Saturday to social media, Legault said he will remain in isolation until Sept. 28. This comes as Quebec reported its highest total of new cases since late May, as well as five additional deaths. The 427 new cases bring the provincial total to a national high of 67,080 confirmed infections, with 5,797 deaths. The Quebec government is expected to announce later Sunday that it is reducing the size of private gatherings in Montreal, Quebec City and the Chaudière-Appalaches region, south of Quebec City. All three regions will move into the “moderate” orange level in its alert system. That’s up from yellow, or “early warning.” The province is looking at reducing the maximum number of people allowed at a private gathering from 10 to six in these regions, Radio-Canada reports. In addition, the maximum number of people allowed per restaurant table would be lowered from 10 to six, and bars would have to stop serving alcohol earlier than midnight. WATCH | Ontario Premier Doug Ford limits social gatherings provincewide: Ontario Premier Doug Ford announced the province is lowering the number of people allowed at social gatherings across Ontario. 1:25 Ontario saw its caseload jump by 407 on Saturday for a total of 46,484, with 2,865 deaths. Premier Doug Ford announced a tightening of restrictions on private social gatherings. People in every region of the province can only gather in groups of 10 people indoors, and 25 outdoors under orders continuing until Oct. 22. Police in Hamilton, Ont., dispersed a crowd on Saturday night that they say was well over the new allowable limits for outdoor social gatherings. An example of the impact the #COVIDAlert app can have. Download it today for free to help break the cycle of #COVID19 infections. https://t.co/GQCfsuMG6A https://t.co/kf1gfTXquC—@CPHO_Canada Officers from nearby Peel and York regions, along with Ontario Provincial Police, joined efforts to shut down what police called an “impromptu car show” in a parking lot. People had brought about 500 cars to the parking lot at Cineplex Cinemas Ancaster for the event, said Staff Sgt. Richard Vanderboom of Hamilton Police Mountain Station. He declined to estimate how many people were there. As of 8:30 a.m. ET on Sunday, Canada had 142,774 confirmed or presumptive coronavirus cases. Provinces and territories listed 124,187 of those as recovered or resolved. A CBC News tally of deaths based on provincial reports, regional health information and CBC’s reporting stood at 9,251. What’s happening around the rest of Canada In downtown Calgary, a restaurant owner says he’s near the point of having to hire security because staff are facing harassment from customers who do not want to wear face coverings. Stephen Deere, owner of Modern Steak, says the level of disrespect from patrons refusing to wear a mask has been escalating in recent days. “We’re in a democracy, and I believe you have the right to have your opinion and you have the right to protest,” Deere said. “But when you’re taking it out on the front-line workers and retail and hospitality, and they’re feeling threatened up to the point that violence could occur, it’s time to ring the alarm.” Calgary council voted earlier this month to keep masks mandatory in indoor public spaces, including restaurants, and on public transit, with the next update on masks coming in December. Physical distancing, extreme levels of fatigue are concerns for Alberta teachers, survey suggests Montreal advocates concerned new mask fines will target vulnerable communities Overcrowded buses worry commuters as COVID-19 cases rise, weather turns colder Ontario health-care worker returns home six months after testing positive for COVID-19 What’s happening around the world According to Johns Hopkins University, the global total of confirmed coronavirus cases stands at more than 30.8 million. More than 957,000 people have died, while 21 million have recovered. In London, England, hundreds of people gathered on Saturday to protest the latest COVID-19 restrictions. There were scuffles between demonstrators and police who moved in to disperse the crowd in Trafalgar Square. Protesters attend a rally Saturday at Trafalgar Square in London to protest against restrictions aimed at slowing the spread of COVID-19. (Hollie Adams/Getty Images) Many held placards calling for “freedom” from the restrictions, while some called the pandemic a hoax. The U.K. reported more than 4,400 new COVID-19 cases on Saturday, it’s highest single-day spike since May. In Spain, people protested in Madrid on Sunday against the handling of the coronavirus pandemic by the city’s regional head, who has placed new restrictions on neighbourhoods with the highest contagion rates. Wearing face masks and trying to maintain distancing, protesters clapped in unison while shouting for regional President Isabel Diaz Ayuso to step down. Demonstrators gather in front of the Assembly of Madrid on Sunday to protest against the new restrictive measures announced by regional authorities. (Oscar del Pozo/AFP/Getty Images) The restrictions affect around 860,000 people who won’t be able to leave their neighbourhoods except for essential activities, including work or a medical appointment. Parks in the area are closed and shops and restaurants have to limit occupancy to 50 per cent. Spain is struggling to contain a second wave of the novel coronavirus, which has killed at least 30,400 people, according to the Spanish health ministry. Madrid’s rate of transmission is more than double the national average, which already leads European contagion charts.
Dallas Stars top Tampa Bay Lightning for 1-0 lead in Stanley Cup Final
CLOSEAutoplayShow ThumbnailsShow CaptionsLast SlideNext SlideThe Dallas Stars continued their unexpected postseason run when they defeated the Tampa Bay Lightning 4-1 in Game 1 of the Stanley Cup Final on Saturday night in the Edmonton, Alberta, bubble.Dallas’ Joel Hanley, Jamie Oleksiak and Joel Kiviranta scored in the first two periods and goalie Anton Khudobin (35 saves) helped the Stars survive the…
CLOSEAutoplayShow ThumbnailsShow CaptionsLast SlideNext SlideThe Dallas Stars continued their unexpected postseason run when they defeated the Tampa Bay Lightning 4-1 in Game 1 of the Stanley Cup Final on Saturday night in the Edmonton, Alberta, bubble.Dallas’ Joel Hanley, Jamie Oleksiak and Joel Kiviranta scored in the first two periods and goalie Anton Khudobin (35 saves) helped the Stars survive the Lightning’s third-period surge as they took a 1-0 lead for the third consecutive series.That’s a turnaround for a team that had lost six in a row before the coronavirus pandemic forced a shutdown in March, then was outscored 10-5 in the round robin and lost the first game of the playoffs.Game 2 will be Monday (8 p.m. ET, NBCSN).The Stars were the rested team after last playing Monday night when they downed the Vegas Golden Knights in Game 5. The Lightning had one day off after playing back-to-back overtime games against the New York Islanders.Dallas Stars defenseman Jamie Oleksiak (2) scores a goal past Tampa Bay Lightning goaltender Andrei Vasilevskiy (88) during the second period. (Photo: Perry Nelson, USA TODAY Sports)A look at the game:Offense from defenseThe Stars’ defensemen chipped in again on offense, but not the usual suspects. Hanley, who had no goals in 46 regular-season games and seven postseason games, opened the scoring at 5:40 when he skated to the slot, took a pass from Roope Hintz and beat Lightning goalie Andrei Vasilevskiy.“Obviously it’s something you dream about when you’re young and stuff. It’s just cool to be able to contribute with a goal like that,” Hanley told reporters.Oleksiak also jumped into the play and scored off his own rebound. It was his fifth of the postseason after a three-goal regular season.The Department of D̶e̶f̶e̶n̶s̶e̶ Offense 🚨#GoStarspic.twitter.com/FgLof03h1m— Dallas Stars (@DallasStars) September 20, 2020The Stars have 15 goals from their defense in the playoffs. Miro Heiskanen, John Klingberg and Esa Lindell, the Stars’ top three defensemen, did pick up assists in Game 1.Defensive gemThe Stars held leading playoff scorer Nikita Kucherov without a shot until the third period. The Lightning’s Brayden Point had no shots.“They’re one of the best lines in hockey,” said Stars forward Blake Comeau. “They’re tough to contain. You just try to take away their space and their speed the best you can. To limit them to no chances is something that’s tough to do. They’re going to get their looks.”The Stars blocked 26 shots in the game, led by Oleksiak’s six.The Lightning’s goal was a fluke that went off the skate off Yanni Gourde and Hintz before going into the net. Khudobin shined in the third period as the Stars were outshot 22-2.HIS NAME IS ANTON KHUDOBIN 😲 pic.twitter.com/zWW2IWdlRR— Dallas Stars (@DallasStars) September 20, 2020″We’re going to have to make it tougher on their goalie if we’re going to score,” said Lightning coach Jon Cooper.Dental workIn addition to his goal and strong defensive game, Oleksiak lost a tooth on a second-period play.”I went into the corner to make a hit and kind of got counter-hit, a little bit of an elbow there,” he said. “It is what it is, part of the game, right?”UndisciplinedTampa Bay’s Pat Maroon was given a misconduct for shooting the puck into the Dallas bench at the end of the second period. That left the Lightning with 10 forwards for the first 10 minutes of the third period. Down 3-1 in Game 1, Pat Maroon shoots the puck into the Dallas bench at the end of the second period pic.twitter.com/EZmZJg5zNu— Brady Trettenero (@BradyTrett) September 20, 2020The Lightning were aided in the third period by three Stars penalties.No excusesCooper didn’t like the way the Lightning started the game.”I don’t even know if we had to take a shower after the first two periods,” he said. But Lightning players didn’t blame the quick turnaround or fatigue for the slow start.”We obviously showed that we had our legs in the third,” defenseman Kevin Shattenkirk said. “I think it was more of the mental aspect of us kind of seeing what Dallas brought to the table, and it took us a little bit of time to adjust to it.”Cooper, asked about a possible missed icing call on the Stars’ second goal, said, “It’s a moot point now. You can’t go back and change the call.”Cup in viewUsually the Stanley Cup doesn’t come to the arena until it’s ready to be presented. But the NHL had it visible at the rink for players to see. That was possible because there are no fans at Rogers Place. AutoplayShow ThumbnailsShow CaptionsLast SlideNext SlideFind New & Used CarsNew CarsUsed CarsofPowered by Cars.com