Thousands of pro-democracy protesters marched in cities across EgyptÂ on Friday to demand the resignation of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.Â
Videos posted on social media showed demonstrators chanting “rise up, fear not, Sisi must go” and “the people demand the regimeâ€™s fall” late on Friday.
Protests were reported in the capital Cairo, the second-biggest city of Alexandria and Suez.
Officers in civilian uniforms confronted the demonstrators who tried approaching Cairo’s Tahrir Square, where mass protests started in 2011, which toppled Hosni Mubarak.Â
Al Jazeera is banned from reporting from inside Egypt, but there were several reportsÂ of arrests made in the capital, and tear gas being used on demonstrators.Â
The demonstrations came after self-exiled Egyptian businessman and actor Mohamed Ali accused President el-Sisi of corruption and called on people to take to the streets and demand the leader be removed. El-Sisi has dismissed the allegations as “lies”.Â
“If el-Sisi does not announce his resignation by Thursday, then the Egyptian people will come out to the squares on Friday in protest,” Ali said in a video posted on Tuesday.
#Ø§Ø±ØÙ„_ÙŠØ§Ø³ÙŠØ³ÙŠ Ù‚ÙˆÙ… Ù…ØªØ®ÙØ´ Ø§Ù„Ø³ÙŠØ³ÙŠ Ù„Ø§Ø²Ù… ÙŠÙ…Ø´ÙŠ#Ø§Ù„Ø´Ø¹Ø¨_ÙŠØ±ÙŠØ¯_Ø§Ø³Ù‚Ø§Ø·_Ø§Ù„Ø³ÙŠØ³ÙŠ pic.twitter.com/cmdALpJy1y
â€” Ø¥Ø³Ù„Ø§Ù… Ù…ØÙ…Ø¯ (@EslamMu7) September 20, 2019
Translation: “Rise up, fear not, Sisi must go”
Ali first began posting his videosÂ on September 2. His latest videos have been viewed hundreds of thousands of times and have turned him into a public figure in his homeland.
In a video on Friday that was published as protests were gaining momentum, Ali encouraged people to stand strong and continue demanding their rights.Â
“God is great … enough already, I want to come back to Egypt. I miss Egypt and my people. May God strengthen your resolve,” he said.Â
Ø´ÙƒØ±Ø§ ÙŠØ§ Ø´Ø¹Ø¨ Ù…ØµØ± ÙØ§Ø¶Ù„ ØªÙƒØ© :)#Ù†Ø§Ø²Ù„ÙŠÙ†_Ø¨Ø¹Ø¯_Ø§Ù„Ù…Ø§ØªØ´ pic.twitter.com/ylDuRW5Pf2
â€” Ø£Ø³Ø±Ø§Ø± Ù…ØÙ…Ø¯ Ø¹Ù„ÙŠ – Mohamed Ali Secrets (@MohamedSecrets) September 20, 2019
Yehia Ghanem, Al Jazeera’s Middle East analyst, said that he “definitely” believes Friday’s protests represent a different level of momentum among Egyptians.Â
“What is happening in Egypt now is a long overdue movement … to rid the country from tyranny,” he said.Â
Small groups of protesters gather in central Cairo shouting anti-government slogans in Cairo, Egypt [Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters]Â
Friday’s protests were a rare public display of dissent in the country. Egypt outlawed all unauthorised demonstrations in 2013 after el-Sisi, as defence minister, led the military’s overthrow of democratically-elected President Mohamed Morsi following mass protests.Â
Authorities could not be immediately reached to comment. State TV did not cover the incidents.
A pro-government TV anchor said only a small group of protesters had gathered in central Cairo to take videos and selfies before leaving the scene. Another pro-government channel said the situation around the Tahrir Square was quiet.
Since el-Sisi came to power in 2014, economic austerity measures have been introduced, helping to reboot an economy battered by the 2011 Arab Spring. But the poverty rate has soared.
According to official statistics, released by in July, one in three Egyptians lives in poverty.
Human Rights Watch hasÂ saidÂ thatÂ since el-Sisi secured a second term in 2018, “his security forces have escalated a campaign of intimidation, violence, and arbitrary arrests against political opponents, activists”.
United Nations experts have previouslyÂ statedÂ their “grave concern” over a widening “assault on freedom of expression” in Egypt, which includes blocking scores of news websites and the unlawful detention of journalists and dissidents.
Al Jazeera and news agencies