BEIRUT: Every Hajj season, Rafic Hariri International Airport is the only corridor for Lebanese, Palestinian refugees in the country and Syrians who want to perform pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.
Those who were issued their Hajj visas were informed three months ago. According to a diplomatic source in the Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Lebanon, â€œthe Lebanese quota is 4,000 pilgrims who receive their Hajj visa at no cost, courtesy visas are allocated to politicians who give their supportersâ€™ names â€” and also receive the visa at no cost â€” and the embassy also gives visas to humanitarian cases such as those given last year to the parents of soldiers killed while combating terrorist organizations.â€
The source added that there had been â€œattempts to control politiciansâ€™ applications in order to reduce any exploitation operations, which has contributed to limiting corruption.â€
There are 37 Hajj campaigns in Lebanon that take care of pilgrimsâ€™ matters. Ibrahim Itani, head of the Hajj Affairs Committee, said that â€œthe number of Lebanese and Palestinian pilgrims is stable, reaching around 20,000, and the Syrian Hajj Committee is responsible for Syrian pilgrims who are not included in the Lebanese quota.â€
Itani added: â€œThis year, the authorities concerned with pilgrimage in the Kingdom increased the age of accepted pilgrims to people born in 1963 but it was restricted to those born in 1947 earlier. Priority is given to older people and those performing Hajj for the first time.â€
Pilgrims are accompanied by â€œaround 40 doctors who form the committeeâ€™s medical board.â€Â
Itani added that: â€œLebanese and Palestinian pilgrims are told not to riot. They are also forbidden from carrying any political leaflets or cash exceeding SR40,000 ($10,000). Pilgrims from Lebanon have always committed to that.â€
The number of Lebanese and Palestinian pilgrims is stable, reaching around 20,000, and the Syrian Hajj Committee is responsible for Syrian pilgrims who are not included in the Lebanese quota.
Ibrahim Itani, head of Hajj Affairs Committee in Lebanon
But to what extent has the economic decline in Lebanon affected the peopleâ€™s abilities to perform Hajj this year? Ahmed Jamal, one of the owners of Saudi-Lebanese company for Hajj and Umrah said: â€œThere is a decline in application numbers. Last year, they were 10,000, but this year, it has declined to 6,500. Purchasing power has also dropped; people are no longer booking five-star hotels. The Hajj cost is $2,900 minimum per person and can reach $4,000.â€ Â
He added: â€œ1,650 Palestinian refugees applied this year to perform Hajj, whereas their number ranged from 1,700 to 1,800 last year.â€
Campaign manager for the Fotowa lil Hajj wal Umrah, Abdulrahman El-Taweel said: â€œThe purchasing power of Lebanese and Palestinians has declined in relation to service requests for Hajj.
â€œSome campaigns pay $400 per pilgrim due to them taking busy rooms far from Makkah and Madinah. Since we are a non-profit organization, the cost does not exceed $1,300.â€
Hassanein El-Khalil, a managers for the El Khalil for Hajj campaign, is frustrated by the decline in economic capability.Â
He said: â€œThis year, 275 applied for our campaign for a Hajj visa whereas their number reached 340 last year.â€
He said: â€œThe Kingdomâ€™s allocation of a quota for pilgrims in every country is great. Without it, millions could not have visited the Kingdom for Hajj.
â€œThere are two types of people performing Hajj: One that wants a decent and clean sleeping space with no interest in quality, and another that looks for five-star services, the latterâ€™s number has declined.â€
El-Khalil added that â€œmost people wishing to perform Hajj are elderly who want to pray. We are responsible for everyone under our sponsorship, even if one of the pilgrims asks to stay in Makkah for longer, we are responsible for them before the Saudi authorities.â€
Procedures for Syrian pilgrims differ from those from Lebanon and Palestine.
Abdulrahman Nahlawi, head of the information section in the Syrian Hajj Committee in Turkey, told Arab News: â€œThe office in Beirut was established six years ago, and the Hajj file was taken from the regime in Syria in 2012 and became under the guardianship of the Syrian Hajj Committee affiliated with the Syrian Coalition in 2013. We are responsible for all Hajj operations, and no Syrian pilgrim can go to the Kingdom without going through us, regardless of their political and ethnic orientations.
â€œThe Syrian quota has been stable for six years, and the number of pilgrims this year is 22,500. They received their visas from four Saudi embassies in Cairo, Amman, Beirut and Istanbul. Iraqi Kurdistan is new this year but their applications are low.â€
In order to register, applicants must have a Syrian passport or valid residence in their country. Syrian refugees in Lebanon cannot travel by Lebanese laws that do not allow them to return in case they decide to leave.
Nahlawi said: â€œSyrians who would like to perform Hajj from Syria go to Beirut through legitimate border crossings between the two countries, or go via Turkey if they are in the north of the country.
â€œThe number of people living in Damascus or under the regimeâ€™s control who would like to perform Hajj is small. They fear security investigations upon their return.This is happened two years ago when pilgrims were referred to the Palestinian security branch, and underwent investigations to see if they belonged to the opposition or made contact with it. Last year, no one was investigated and pilgrims returned peacefully.â€
Nahlawi added: â€œThe number of people who have applied this year has reached 34,000, and the Hajj visa gives priority to the elderly with a 64 percent proportion allocated to them.
â€œThe number of men and women who would like to perform Hajj is close, and there is no decline in applicantsâ€™ financial capabilities. We are working on controlling the campaignsâ€™ gains so they do not overcharge.â€