Al-Shabab is an armed group based in Somalia, fighting to topple the Western-backed Somali government. It wants to impose a strict version of Islamic law in the Horn of Africa country.
The armed group has carried out several attacks in neighbouring countries, including Kenya, since Nairobi launched a military operation inside Somalia in 2011.
The group used to control most parts of south and central Somalia, but since 2010, the fighters have been expelled from most major towns as the US military and a 20,000-strong African Union peacekeeping mission boosted the Somali forces.
Below we take a look at the major attacks carried out by the group in Kenya
2013: In September 2013, al-Shabab fighters stormed Nairobi’s Westgate Mall, firing indiscriminately at shoppers and killing 67 people in a siege that lasted 80 hours.
The assault horrified the world and exposed weaknesses in Kenya’s security forces.
2014: In November 2014, members of Somalia’s al-Shabab armed group hijacked a bus in Kenya and killed 28 non-Muslims on board.
“What happened in Mandera today we did in revenge for what the non-believer government has done to innocent Muslims,” Sheikh Ali Mohamud Rage, a spokesman for the group, told Al Jazeera.
Who were the Mogadishu bombing victims? (1:20)
April 2015: Al-Shabab launched an assault on Garissa University College in Kenya, killing 148, mainly students.
January 2016: Fighters from the Somali armed group assaulted a Kenyan-run military base for African Union peacekeepers, killing scores of Kenyan soldiers.
January 2019: Two explosions and gunfire heard at an upscale hotel complex in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital.
The attack on the Dusit hotel complex – which also houses offices and banks – sent people fleeing for their lives.
There could still be armed assailants in the building and the police operation was ongoing, reporters were told in a short briefing.
Al Jazeera and news agencies
Qatar 2022: Al Thumama Stadium inaugurated for Amir Cup final
Doha, Qatar – Al Sadd beat Al Rayyan 5-4 on penalties to win the Amir Cup 2021 with the final also marking the inauguration of Al Thumama Stadium, a Qatar 2022 World Cup venue. Yacine Brahimi converted a penalty in the 44th minute to open the scoring for Al Rayyan. The incident proved controversial as…
Doha, Qatar – Al Sadd beat Al Rayyan 5-4 on penalties to win the Amir Cup 2021 with the final also marking the inauguration of Al Thumama Stadium, a Qatar 2022 World Cup venue.
Yacine Brahimi converted a penalty in the 44th minute to open the scoring for Al Rayyan.
The incident proved controversial as Al Sadd had earlier been refused a clear penalty, with the referee refusing the players’ plea to consult VAR.
However, Al Sadd were awarded a spot-kick in the second half and Santi Cazorla’s cool finish brought them back on level terms.
As neither team were able to score the winner in normal time, the match went to penalties.
Both set of players managed to find the back off the net from the first six kicks. However, Al Sadd’s goalkeeper, Saad al-Sheeb, blocked Al Rayyan’s fourth spot-kick, taken by Iran’s Shojae Khalilzadeh, with Jung Woo-young then scoring off the next kick to seal the title for his side.
The win handed Al Sadd’s coach Xavi Hernandez, the former Spain and Barcelona midfielder, his seventh title as a coach, a role he took up with Al Sadd after hanging up his boots in 2019.
Al Thumama Stadium became the fifth tournament venue to be inaugurated by the organisers on Friday.
The stadium, located 12km (7.5 miles) from Doha’s city centre is set to host matches up to and including the quarter-final stage during Qatar 2022.
Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani and president of FIFA, football’s world governing body, Gianni Infantino attended the opening ceremony.
Bosnian Serb police drill seen as separatist ‘provocation’
Bosniak, Croat leaders call drills ‘a clear provocation’, but Serb officials say it has nothing to do with Bosnia’s deep political crisis.Bosnia’s Serb police have held an “anti-terrorist” drill just outside the capital Sarajevo in a move seen by many as another provocation by the Serb separatist leadership. The exercise on Friday was held in…
Bosniak, Croat leaders call drills ‘a clear provocation’, but Serb officials say it has nothing to do with Bosnia’s deep political crisis.Bosnia’s Serb police have held an “anti-terrorist” drill just outside the capital Sarajevo in a move seen by many as another provocation by the Serb separatist leadership.
The exercise on Friday was held in the ski resort at Mt Jahorina, the general area from where the Bosnian Serb military relentlessly shelled and sniped Sarajevo throughout Bosnia’s 1991-95 war. Thousands of Sarajevo citizens were killed or injured during the attacks.
The drill involved armoured vehicles, helicopters, and special police force personnel in camouflage uniforms and armed with assault rifles.
The European Union Force, deployed in Bosnia to maintain peace in the ethnically divided nation, dispatched an aircraft to monitor the exercise.
Bosnian Serb Interior Minister Dragan Lukac said the EURFOR flyover “was unnecessary” and prevented a second helicopter from taking off “to avoid a collision”.
Republika Srpska police drill at Jahorina, #Bosnia https://t.co/2xrpIBit35
— Mersiha Gadzo (@MersihaGadzo) October 22, 2021
Bosniak and Bosnian Croat leaders denounced the Serb drills as “a clear provocation,” while Bosnian Serb officials said it was planned a long time ago and has nothing to do with Bosnia’s deep political crisis.
Lukac said the drill aimed to show the police’s readiness before the start of the upcoming winter season, as thousands of tourists visit mountain Jahorina daily.
Simultaneously, Bosnian Serb police also held a drill near Mrkonjic Grad in western Bosnia.
Bosnia’s war that pitted Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats against each other, ended with a US-sponsored peace agreement in 1995 that created two regions, the Republika Srpska and the Bosniak-Croat Federation.
The two regions were given wide autonomy, but kept some joint institutions, including the army, top judiciary and tax administration. Bosnia also has a rotating three-member presidency comprising Bosniak, Serb and Croat members.
The Bosnian Serb presidency member, Milorad Dodik, has for years been advocating the separation of Republika Srpska and having it join neighbouring Serbia – something that would unlikely win approval from the US and much of the West.
Dodik, who has tacit support from Russia and his allies in Serbia, has recently upped his drive, pledging that the Bosnian Serb parliament will, by the end of November, declare the creation of its own army and judiciary.
The Bosnian Serb assembly earlier this week adopted a law establishing its own medicine procurement agency, the first of Dodik’s pledges to separate joint institutions from those at the state level, in violation of the peace accords.
Many Bosnians and international institutions fear that the separatist moves could ignite another armed conflict.
The US has already imposed a travel ban against Dodik and earlier this week has warned sanctions against his allies if his separatist moves continue.
Miss Universe UAE announces 15 of 30 official candidates
The first batch of candidates to compete for the title of Miss Universe UAE have been announced. Fifteen names have so far been released on official social media accounts – Marwa (23, Sharjah), Sara (25, Dubai), Jasmin (22, Abu Dhabi), Dilnoza (23, Dubai), Alma (24, Dubai), Bahar (26, Dubai), Emilia (24, Dubai), Frank (27, Dubai),…
The first batch of candidates to compete for the title of Miss Universe UAE have been announced.
Fifteen names have so far been released on official social media accounts – Marwa (23, Sharjah), Sara (25, Dubai), Jasmin (22, Abu Dhabi), Dilnoza (23, Dubai), Alma (24, Dubai), Bahar (26, Dubai), Emilia (24, Dubai), Frank (27, Dubai), Razan (28, Abu Dhabi) Natalia (24, Dubai), Victoria (26, Dubai), Reem (25, Abu Dhabi), Asher (28, Dubai), Anna (28, Dubai) and Anita (24, Dubai).
pic.twitter.com/4ShjATL77n— missuniverseuae (@missuniverseuae) October 20, 2021
The Miss Universe Organization and Yugen Events announced the historic first-ever Miss Universe UAE on October 7, 2021. The event is set to take place in Dubai.
A few hours after the announcement of the pageant, the Miss Universe website crashed as over 12,000 candidates logged in to apply. The delegation whittled the applications down to 300 and selected its 30 official candidates on Thursday.
Couture Designs by @furneamato @amatoofficialPhotographed by @lucasalvesofficial @studiolucasalvesMakeup by @vimijoshiCreative Inputs @chanelayan#MissUniverseUAE#BreakingStereotypes#UAEToUniverse@josh_yugen #JoshYugen#YugenEvents @yugenpr #Top30 pic.twitter.com/Jl6NXCvrsL— missuniverseuae (@missuniverseuae) October 21, 2021
All women, between the ages of 18 to 28, who had a three-year residency, possessing a valid Emirates ID and passport, were qualified to join.
The 2022 event will be held in Dubai for three hours, where candidates will get the opportunity to showcase their intelligence, style and talent.
#MissUniverseUAE#BreakingStereotypes#UAEToUniverse@josh_yugen #JoshYugen#YugenEvents @yugenpr #Top30 pic.twitter.com/dDSyNzOPL1— missuniverseuae (@missuniverseuae) October 22, 2021
According to an official press release, the swimwear category will be dropped from the event this time “in respect of the UAE’s culture and traditions.”
A charity dinner will formally present the candidates on November 4.
The preliminary rounds will then take place on November 5, where the Top 15 will be chosen. From the semi-finalists will be selected the top five.